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Finals Topic 3-1

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Finals Topic 3-1

Post by Joshua on Tue Oct 06, 2009 6:58 pm

Computed Tomography Scanner (CT Scan)
Computed tomography (CT) is a medical imaging method employing tomography created by computer processing. It is used to generate a three-dimensional image.

Three-Dimensional Image
Three-Dimensional Image
Terminology
The word "tomography" is derived from the Greek tomos (slice) and graphein (to write). Computed tomography was originally known as the "EMI scan" as it was developed at a research branch of EMI.

History
1970-72 – Godfrey Hounsfield – a senior research scientist [Engineer] first demonstrated the process of the scanner. The process of using the calculated Hounsfield (HU) units to make an image.

Sir Godfrey Hounsfield
Principles of Operation
Because of the superimposition of the anatomical structures of the conventional radiographic technique, a CT image is formed.

X-ray Image (Chest)
CT Scan Image (Chest)
Principles of Operation
A CT image is formed by scanning a cross section of the body with a narrow beam and measure the transmitted radiation through a detector. The detector adds all of the energy from the transmitted rays, which the information is in numerical form and must be processed by a computer and display the image on the monitor.
Components
Principles of Operation
The computer reconstruction of the cross-sectional anatomy is accomplished with mathematic equations adapted for computer processing called Algorithms.

Image Characteristic:
Image Matrix – (matrix-Array of numbers in rows and columns.)
Image Characteristic:
A CT scan image format consist of many cells, each assigned a number and display as density or brightness level on the video monitor.

Image Characteristic:
Each cell of information is a pixel (Picture Element), and the numerical information contained in each pixel is a CT number or Hounsfield unit.

Image Characteristic:
A pixel is a two dimensional representation of corresponding tissue volume.
Tissue volume is known as voxel (volume element) determined by the product of the pixel size and thickness.

CT numbers
CT numbers is the level of brightness on the photographic image as a level of density.

CT procedures:
CT scanning of the head is typically used to detect bleeding, brain injury and skull fractures

CT procedures:
CT can be used for detecting both acute and chronic changes in the lung parenchyma.

CT procedures:
CT is a sensitive method for diagnosis of abdominal diseases.

Advantages over traditional radiography
First, CT completely eliminates the superimposition of images of structures outside the area of interest.
Second, because of the inherent high-contrast resolution of CT.

Advantages over traditional radiography
Third, data from a single CT imaging procedure consisting of either multiple contiguous or one helical scan can be viewed as images in the axial, coronal, or sagittal planes, depending on the diagnostic task. This is referred to as multiplanar reformatted imaging.
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Joshua

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Re: Finals Topic 3-1

Post by Mr. Calzo on Tue Oct 06, 2009 7:01 pm

lamat sir! ^_^ sooo gud soo fast!
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Mr. Calzo

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Re: Finals Topic 3-1

Post by mhimaii on Tue Oct 06, 2009 9:19 pm


again en' again

THANKSZ SIR

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mhimaii

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Re: Finals Topic 3-1

Post by roybirrey on Tue Oct 20, 2009 1:11 pm



merry christmas in advance sir!.. hahaha.. thnx!
( grades na lng ang gift sir!.. hakhak.)


roybirrey

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Location : TORRES!.. hahaha..

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Re: Finals Topic 3-1

Post by sarim kuran on Thu Oct 22, 2009 2:56 pm

thank you sir josh[wow][/wow]
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Re: Finals Topic 3-1

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